Fulgencio Batistaa former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from tobecame president for the second time inafter seizing power in a military coup and canceling the elections.
History[ edit ] In the decades following United States' invasion of Cuba inand formal independence from the U. Fulgencio Batistaa former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from tobecame president for the second time inafter seizing power in a military coup and canceling the elections.
In the months following the March coup, Fidel Castrothen a young lawyer and activist, petitioned for the overthrow of Batista, whom he accused of corruption and tyranny. However, Castro's constitutional arguments were rejected by the Cuban courts.
Batista was known as a corrupt leader as he constantly pampered himself with elegant foods and exotic women. He had around factory and farm workers.
After an hour of fighting the rebel leader fled to the mountains. In a highly political trial, Fidel spoke for nearly four hours in his defense, ending with the words "Condemn me, it does not matter.
History will absolve me. The yacht arrived in Cuba on 2 December. After arriving and exiting the ship, the band of rebels began to make their way into the Sierra Maestra mountains, a range in southeastern Cuba. The dispersed survivors, alone or in small groups, wandered through the mountains, looking for each other.
Eventually, the men would link up again — with the help of peasant sympathizers — and would form the core leadership of the guerrilla army. The attack ended in utter failure.
The handful of survivors included Dr.
Once Batista started making drastic decisions concerning Cuba's economy, he began to nationalize U. S oil refineries and other U. Castro accepted the offer, but he also had an immediate need for guns and ammunition, so Sturgis became a gunrunner.
Sturgis opened a training camp in the Sierra Maestra mountains, where he taught Che Guevara and other 26th of July Movement rebel soldiers guerrilla warfare.
In addition, poorly armed irregulars known as escopeteros harassed Batista's forces in the foothills and plains of Oriente Province. The escopeteros also provided direct military support to Castro's main forces by protecting supply lines and by sharing intelligence. A pirate radio station called Radio Rebelde "Rebel Radio" was set up in Februaryallowing Castro and his forces to broadcast their message nationwide within enemy territory.
An arms embargo — imposed on the Cuban government by the United States on the 14 March — contributed significantly to the weakness of Batista's forces.
The Cuban air force rapidly deteriorated: The army sent some 12, soldiers, half of them untrained recruits, into the mountains, along with his own brother Raul. In a series of small skirmishes, Castro's determined guerrillas defeated the Cuban army.
With his forces pinned down by superior numbers, Castro asked for, and received, a temporary cease-fire on 1 August. Over the next seven days, while fruitless negotiations took place, Castro's forces gradually escaped from the trap.
By the 8 August, Castro's entire army had escaped back into the mountains, and Operation Verano had effectively ended in failure for the Batista government.Thank you for your interest in Welbrook Senior Living. We look forward to hearing from you to discuss lifestyle options for you or a loved one.
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The Cuban Revolution (Spanish: Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio tranceformingnlp.com revolution began in July , and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 31 December , replacing his government with a revolutionary.