External boundaries and landform regions[ edit ] Spain's exclaves in north Africa Hypsometric curve of Spain Most of Spain's boundaries are water:
History[ edit ] Spainit has been observed, is a nation-state born out of religious struggle mainly between Catholicism and Islambut also against Judaism and, to a lesser extent, Protestantism. The Reconquista against Al Andalus ending inthe establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of Jews were highly relevant in the union of Castile and Aragon under the Catholic Monarchs Isabel and Fernandofollowed by the persecution and eventual expulsion of the Moriscos in The Counter-Reformation — was especially strong in Spain and the Inquisition was not definitively abolished untilthus keeping Islam, Judaism, Protestantism and parts of Enlightenment at bay for most of its history.
Antiquity and late Antiquity[ edit ] See also: According to a medieval legendthe apostle James was the first to spread Christianity in the Roman Iberian Peninsula. There is no factual evidence of this but he later became the patron saint of Spaniards and Portuguese, originating the Way of St James.
Other later myths include the Seven Apostolic Men. There is some archaeological evidence of Christianity slowly penetrating the Peninsula from Rome and Roman Mauretania via major cities and ports, especially Tarragonasince the early 2nd century.
The Paleo-Christian Necropolis of Tarragonawith 2, discovered tombs, dates back to the second half of the 3rd century.
|Spain | Facts, Culture, History, & Points of Interest | tranceformingnlp.com||Immigration and Demographic Issues[ edit ] Immigration to Spain in by country. Immigration to Spain in by country.|
Eventually, Emperor Constantine — converted the entire Roman Empire and Christianity was thus established as the only official religion. This Christianity was already an early form of Catholicism. The 7th-century Visigothic church of San Pedro de la Nave As Rome declined, Germanic tribes invaded most of the lands of the former empire.
In the years following the Visigoths —- who had converted to Arian Christianity around —- occupied what is now Spain and Portugal. The Visigothic Kingdom established its capital in Toledo ; it reached its high point during the reign of Leovigild Visigothic rule led to a brief expansion of Arianism in Spain, however the native population remained staunchly Catholic.
The Council of Lerida in constrained the clergy and extended the power of law over them under the blessings of Rome. The multiple Councils of Toledo definitively established what would be later known as the Catholic Church in Spain and contributed to define Catholicism elsewhere. Umayyad conquest of HispaniaAl-Andalusand Reconquista By the early 8th century, the Visigothic kingdom had fragmented and the fragments were in disarray, bankrupt and willing to accept external help to fight each other.
Tariq's commander, Musa bin Nusair then landed with substantial reinforcements. Taking advantage of the Visigoths' infighting, by the Muslims dominated most of the peninsula, establishing Islamic rule until During this period the number of Muslims increased greatly through the migration of Arabs and Berbers, and the conversion of local Christians to Islam known as Muladis or Muwalladun with the latter forming the majority of the Islamic-ruled area by the end of the 10th century.
Most Christians who remained adopted Arabic culture, and these Arabized Christians became known as Mozarabs. While under the status of dhimmis the Christian and Jewish subjects had to pay higher taxes than Muslims and could not hold positions of power over Muslims.
The era of Muslim rule before is often considered a "Golden Age" for the Jews as Jewish intellectual and spiritual life flourished in Spain. Here they established the great pilgrimage centre of Santiago de Compostela.Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives.
The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 85 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula and includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta.
- Spain or also known as the kingdom of Spain is a beautiful country with a very alluring geography, history, culture, economy, missionary effort, and state capitol. Since Spain is such a large country it is packed full of information to research about. "IberiaNature: A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, geography and nature of Spain" Retrieved Data Spain: Satellite relief maps, aerial photography, outline maps, travel maps and useful themed maps of SpainContinent: Europe.
The southernmost region of Spain, Andalusia is bounded by the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha to Geography. Andalusia possesses the most-varied terrain and vegetation in all of Spain.
The population of western Andalusia has traditionally been concentrated in the large rural towns from which agricultural. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal.
It has coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea. Spain's capital and largest city are Madrid and the country is.