This PBS web site provides biographical information about the members of the Corps of Discovery the small expeditionary group Jefferson sent to explore the uncharted Westand puts the expedition into historical and political context. There is a searchable, chronological compilation of excerpts from the Lewis and Clark journals, full-length, unedited interviews with seven experts, historical maps created by Clark, a pre-expedition map, and a map showing the route taken by the Corps of Discovery to the Pacific. There are also short articles of Native American tribes that had the most most significant interactions with Lewis and Clark.
Describe the precursors to the establishment of the science of psychology.
Identify key individuals and events in the history of American psychology. Describe the rise of professional psychology in America. Introduction It is always a difficult question to ask, where to begin to tell the story of the history of psychology. Some would start with ancient Greece; others would look to a demarcation in the late 19th century when the science of psychology was formally proposed and instituted.
These two perspectives, and all that is in between, are appropriate for describing a history of psychology. For the purposes of this module, we will examine the development of psychology in America and use the midth century as our starting point.
For the sake of convenience, we refer to this as a history of modern psychology. The earliest records of a psychological experiment go all the way back to the Pharaoh Psamtik I of Egypt in the 7th Century B.
Neithsabes, CC0 Public Domain, https: The history of psychology also provides perspective. Rather than a dry collection of names and dates, the history of psychology tells us about the important intersection of time and place that defines who we are.
Consider what happens when you meet someone for the first time. Whether you are seeing a physician, talking with a counselor, or applying for a job, everything begins with a history.
The same is true for studying the history of psychology; getting a history of the field helps to make sense of where we are and how we got here. A Prehistory of Psychology Precursors to American psychology can be found in philosophy and physiology.
Philosophers such as John Locke — and Thomas Reid — promoted empiricismthe idea that all knowledge comes from experience.
The work of Locke, Reid, and others emphasized the role of the human observer and the primacy of the senses in defining how the mind comes to acquire knowledge. In American colleges and universities in the early s, these principles were taught as courses on mental and moral philosophy.
Most often these courses taught about the mind based on the faculties of intellect, will, and the senses Fuchs, Physiology and Psychophysics Philosophical questions about the nature of mind and knowledge were matched in the 19th century by physiological investigations of the sensory systems of the human observer.
German physiologist Hermann von Helmholtz — measured the speed of the neural impulse and explored the physiology of hearing and vision.
His work indicated that our senses can deceive us and are not a mirror of the external world. Such work showed that even though the human senses were fallible, the mind could be measured using the methods of science.
In all, it suggested that a science of psychology was feasible. This was not a new idea; philosophers like John Locke had written extensively on the topic, and in the 19th century, philosophical speculation about the nature of mind became subject to the rigors of science.
The question of the relationship between the mental experiences of the senses and the material external reality was investigated by a number of German researchers including Ernst Weber and Gustav Fechner.American History: A Very Short Introduction is a panoramic history of the United States, one that covers virtually every topic of importance--and yet can be read in a single day.
Read more Read less Prime Book Box for Kids/5(29). Recognize the role of women and people of color in the history of American psychology.
Introduction. The same is true for studying the history of psychology; getting a history of the field helps to make sense of where we are and how we got here.
Growth and expansion have been a constant in American psychology.
In the latter part of the. The Western Expansion Has Often Been Regarded as the Central Theme of American History. 4, words. 9 pages. An Introduction to the Westward Expansion in America and What Caused It. 1, words. 2 pages. Westward Expansion and the Reality of the Wild West in .
History does not exist for us until and unless we dig it up, interpret it, and put it together. Then the past comes alive, or, more accurately, it is revealed for what it has always been - a part of the present. Radical and Reform Movements in American History - Introduction The course began in the year , a significant year of transition for the United States.
the topic of focus shifts from the United States proper to the expansion and creation of the so called American Empire of the late Nineteenth Century. Unlike other contemporary colonial.
Learn quiz american history chapter 6 expansion with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of quiz american history chapter 6 expansion flashcards on Quizlet.