An analysis of william shakespeares play hamlet in terms of aristotles poetics

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An analysis of william shakespeares play hamlet in terms of aristotles poetics

Aristotle defines a tragedy as " Aristotle states that tragedy is "an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude" p. Hamlet is an excellent example of this.

It is also complete in the sense that all the loose ends are tied together in a sensible, believable manner. The characters are supposed to be the most perfect people to whom the audience can still relate. Hamlet is a wealthy prince, however he deals with the same problems as the common man.

He is also unsure of himself and does not know how he should handle the situation. The audience can relate to this uncertain feeling and they are able to empathize with Hamlet. Aristotle believes that in order for a tragedy to be effective, it must convey pity and fear. He defines pity as a feeling that is aroused by "unmerited misfortune" p.

Hamlet undoubtedly suffers this unmerited misfortune. To make the situation even more painful, his mother has married his uncle whom he suspects is responsible for the tragedy. These circumstances illicit pity from the audience.

The fear of impending evil is also prevalent in the play. As the plot progresses, it becomes clear that the king is plotting to kill Hamlet and Hamlet is planning to kill the king. It is accompanied by Recognition, which is "a change from ignorance to knowledge, producing love or hate between the persons destined by the poet for good or bad fortune" p.

An analysis of william shakespeares play hamlet in terms of aristotles poetics

The Recognition occurs when the play within the play is staged for the king. The play is a reenactment of what Hamlet believes happened to his father. His uncle is so upset and flustered by the play that he runs from the room.

Hamlet later finds the king in a church praying and is tempted to kill him there, but decides against it because he will go to heaven since he is praying.

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From this, the audience is able to infer that Hamlet will attempt to kill his uncle later in the play. Aristotle also stresses that diction is important to make the tragedy believable.

Shakespeare utilizes diction perfectly and everything his characters say is appropriate for them to be saying. For instance, the king speaks like a king; he always dodges like a true politician.

There is an obvious and necessary difference between the way he speaks and the way the gravediggers speak. The gravediggers are common men and therefore, speak as thought they are common men. There are some aspects of Poetics that Shakespeare does not follow.

For instance, Aristotle states that in a great tragedy, there should be unity of time, place, and action. By this he means that the action of the play should take place in the amount of time it takes to perform it. It should occur in one setting, and there should be one main plot or action.Hamlet As A Tragedy, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.

Compared with these strict rules, Shakespeare's tragedy is a more relaxed genre, but Othello much more than, for example, the sprawling Hamlet, observes the spirit of Aristotle.

Othello, apart from Act I in Venice, is located . According to Aristotle, there are three elements that make a story a tragedy. The three elements (from the Greek) are hamartia, peripeteia, and anagnorisis, and all are present in Shakespeare's.

An introduction to the first great work of literary criticism Aristotle was the first theorist of theatre – so his Poetics is the origin and basis of all subsequent theatre criticism.

His Poetics was written in the 4th century BC, some time after BC. an analysis of the bald soprano by eugne ionescos the An analysis of the causes of divorce in america analysis of hamlet in terms of aristotles poetics essays Shakespeare's Hamlet follows this definition for the most part, and even though it is not always in agreement with Aristotle's guidelines, it is still a great and effective tragedy.

Aristotle states that tragedy is "an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude" (p. 22). Hamlet is an excellent example of this.

Apply Aristotle's theory of tragedy to Shakespeare's Macbeth. | eNotes