His father was killed a year after his birth and Maharaja Dalip Singh and his mother were living in Jammu under protection. After the second Anglo-Sikh war Britishers separated him from his Mother at the tender age of 10 and exhaled him to Britain where his guardians converted him to Christianity. While spending time in London and Europe he had been lodged to different locations.
The film opens with a man seated behind a palki at the front of the room reading from a large, scripted book, the Adi Granth. He is reading into a microphone so that everyone in the large temple can hear. Those gathered for the ceremony are all seated on the floor.
Women and children are at the front of the room while the men of the congregation are seated at the back and around the sides of the room. The room is completely full of worshipers, and there are many colourful ornaments which decorate the palki.
Next to the man seated behind the palki, another man gets up to speak into the microphone. There are also two musicians seated in front of the congregation playing instruments; one is playing a drum and the other a small boxed keyboard. Context This film was donated to the YFA by Bradford College, but there is no information as to who made the film, or what it was for.
In any case it is almost certainly the Guru Gobind Singh Gurdwara as the only other Gurdwara in Bradford at that time was in an old Methodist church. As hospitality is an important part of Sikh custom all visitors are offered food, langar a shared vegetarian meal eaten with the right hand, prepared in turn by all members of the Sikh community.
There are now six gurdwaras in Bradford. It is not clear whether the film shows a special ceremony or just an everyday reading from the Sikh Holy Book, the Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib usually abbreviated to Adi Granthwhich is seen in the film.
Communal readings from the Adi Granth take place every morning and evening. In the evening, after the recitation, hymns are sung from the Adi Granth accompanied by music, as can be seen in the film.
In this instance we see a harmonium, also know as a peti or baja, introduced in the nineteenth century by the British, and a drum that looks like a dholak — one of a wide variety of Indian drums.
The Adi Granth consists of 1, pages of poems and hymns sabads that are often sung, in kirtan, or chanted note that the spelling of some of the Sikh terms can vary. The Adi Granth sits on a cushioned raised platform, called the Manji Sahib, under a canopied stand, called a palki.
Later in the film the attendant can be seen with the chaur, a fan made from fine yak or horse hair which is continually waved over the Guru Granth Sahib when in use.
The brightly coloured cloth in the film are the rumalas, made from velvety or satiny fabric, which cover the Adi Granth when it is not in use, and flowers are placed round it. Also seen are the curtains that go around the top of the canopy which is engraved 'Waheguru', which means 'Wonderful Lord'.
Because of the veneration given to the Guru Granth Sahib, housed in a special room in the evening, copies are rare outside of temples, and instead Sikhs will normally have handbooks, gutka, at home. Although the script of the Adi Granth is Gurmukhi, the script of the state of Punjab, the language is more varied, being the common language of North India in the thirteenth century.
Unusually for a sacred text it includes poems that pre-date Sikhism, but which are nevertheless consistent with it. The congregation, sangat, sits on the floor below the level of the Guru Granth Sahib, with feet pointing away. All who enter a gurdwara must pay their respects to the Guru Granth Sahib: It is probably fair to say that among the general population little is known of the Sikh religion, and so it is worth sketching in some background.
Sikhism emerged through the Guru Nanak in the Punjab in India in A large chunk of historic Punjab is now part of Pakistan, after the division of India following Independence from Britain in It was made smaller still in when the Hindu speaking areas, after Sikh agitation, divided off — allowing Sikhs to be the majority in Punjab.
Sikhism is almost entirely bound up with the Punjab, and the Punjabi language, which, as an Indo-European language, has many affinities with English. Although the word Sikhism had been adopted by Sikhs themselves, it was in fact coined by Europeans after the British annexed Punjab in The Punjab at the time of Guru Nanak was mainly Hindu, and Sikhism was in effect a break off from Hinduism, and retains very many aspects of it, including the beliefs in karma and reincarnation.
Yet despite sharing the same tradition, like many other similar breakaways, it emerged as a rebellion against many of the formal aspects of the tradition and a return to spiritual essence.
Hence it rejected the caste system, stressing the importance of treating all as equal — although caste remains a major influence in family relations and marriage alliances. Furthermore, none of the ancient Hindu texts are a part of Sikhism.Maharaja Dalip Singh, GCSI (6 September , Lahore, Sikh Empire - 22 October , Paris, France), commonly called Duleep Singh and later in life nicknamed the Black Prince of Perthshire, was the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire.
Jan 10, · Professor Rana Nayar (born )  is a translator of poetry and short fiction from Punjabi to English.  He has more than forty volumes of poetry and translation works to his credit. He is also a theatre artist and has participated in a number of major full-length productions.
Maharaja Dalip Singh Story (Turban – The Pride Of A Sikh). Duleep Singh. Maharaja Duleep Singh, GCSI (6 September – 22 October ), likewise called Dalip Singh and also later on in life nicknamed the Black Prince .
Dalip Singh was born in the palace at Lahore on September 6, , and became Maharaja after Sher Singh was murdered alongside other functionaries of the Lahore court on September 15, Being so young the Maharaja was unable to govern and power was enacted through the Wazir.
rulers of Guler; Rup Chand, Man Sigh, Bikram Singh, Raj Singh and Dalip Singh remained connected with the Mughals as Guler was a subject of Mughal Empire during Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.
During Govardhan Chand (), it was a great centre of arts. I after the violent upheavals in the Punjab caused by the death of Ranjit Singh, his only remaining son, the seven-year-old Dalip Singh, became Maharaja.
After the Anglo-Sikh war and the annexation of the Punjab by the British in , Dalip Singh was separated from his mother, Rani Jindan.